Military cooperation with Ethiopia dates from the end of World War II, when Ethiopia asked Czechoslovakia to supply it with weapons. After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1974, the country was ruled until 1991 by a Marxist military regime, which received strong support from the USSR and Soviet bloc countries. During the Cold War years, the country became part of the power struggle in the third world. The Czechoslovak residentura in Ethiopia was used for internships of Directorate I servicemen to perfect their language skills and professional training prior to deployment to countries with difficult agent operative environments. In 1989 three Directorate I members were stationed here and the last serviceman assigned to the residentura wasFirst Lieutenant JUDr. Eduard Jeleň "Kožíšek" in 1989.
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